Version during update for places and dates)
A Chronology of the
Life & Work of
Poet, Artist, Editor & Publisher, Including Cultural and Alterntive
Prepared by Larry Smith, Bottom Dog Press.
PO Box 425, Huron, OH 44839 *Collaboration and
corrections appreciated. Lsmithdog@aol.com
Sources and credits
listed at end.
Critical Appraisals of d.a.levy page
Some Links at bottom of page.
1944 1945 1946
1947 1948 1949
1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
General: War in Europe and Pacific; U.S. Conscientious
Objectors’ Camps, Victory gardens, internment of Japanese-Americans in
U.S. camps. Art:
Thomas Hart Benton, Arshile Gorky; Music:
Max Roach band. Film: Casablanca,
Sullivan’s Travels, Road to Morocco. (80 war films are made.) Poetry: Wallace Stevens’Notes
toward a Supreme Fiction; Randal Jarrell’s Blood for a
Stranger; Kenneth Patchen’s The Teeth of the Lion (New
Directions). Cleveland Transit System begins era of
municipal operation of Cleveland's public transit system 28 April.
Cleveland Bomber Plant (now I-X Center) opens at Municipal Airport 2.
October 29, Darryl Allan Levy
born to Joseph and Carolyn Levy, shoe salesman and housewife living
near 65th Street and Lorain Ave.…middle/working class; has a brother
General: Eisenhower made Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in
Europe; women move into the workforce; food and goods are rationed in
U.S. for war effort. Esquire magazine is refused in the mail,
charged with being "lewd and lascivious." Race riot in Detroit. Art:
Clyfford Still; Mark Tobey. Music: Dizzie Gillispie, Sarah
Vaughan, jazz jive and jitterbug. Films: For Whom the Bell
Tolls, The Human Comedy, Watch on the Rhine. Fiction:
Douglas's The Robe, Erskine Caldwell's Georgia Boy. Nonfiction:
Jean Paul-Sartre's Being and Nothingness. Poetry: T.S.
Eliot's Four Quartets. Weldon Kees' The Last Man,
Kenneth Fearing's Afternoon of a Pawnbroker.
General: World War II throughout Europe and Philippines; D-Day
landing of U.S. and allied troops at Normandy; United Nations is
established; D.H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley’s Lover found
obscene in U.S. Films: Double Indemnity, Gaslight.
Music: Swing is in vogue - Benny Goodman, Glenn
Miller, Woody Herman, Tommy Dorsey Art: Edward Hopper,
Clyfford Still. Poetry: Pulitzer to Karl Shapiro's V-
Letter and Other Poems.
Beat Story & Alternative Press Movement: West
Coast: Kenneth Rexroth engineers Berkeley Renaissance with William
Everson, Philip Lamantia, Robert Duncan... Circle magazine
around West Coast Anarchist and Libertarian Circles around
Berkeley. European Surrealists in New York City during the war
meet with American artists and writers. First meeting of Jack
Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, William S. Burroughs and Herbert Huncke in New
York City, around Columbia University and Times Square.
General: Harry Truman takes over presidency after death of Franklin
D. Roosevelt; first atom bomb is dropped on Hiroshima, Japan (189,000
casualties), then Nagasaki; end of WW II. Broadway:
Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie and He Touched Me
Films:The Lost Weekend, Mildred Pierce, The Body
Snatcher. Music: Be-Bop jazz evolves with Dizzy Gillespie
and Charlie Parker. Art: Abstract Expressionist art is
thriving throughout the Beat Era with such artists as Jackson Pollock,
Mark Tobey, William de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Robert Motherwell, Franz
Kline, Jasper Johns, many of whom gathered in the Greenwich Village
Cleveland Community Relations Board formed to promote
General: First U.N. General Assembly Meeting in London; national
strikes in coal, railroad, General Electric industries. Post-War Baby
Boom (birth rate in U.S. increases by 20%); Dr. Benjamin Spock's The
Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care; advent of television, use
of commercial jet airlines; popularization of Jean Paul Sartre's
existentialism. German Nazi's are sentenced to death at Nuremburg
trials. Broadway: O'Neil's The Iceman Cometh, Hellman's
Another Part of the Forest, and Born Yesterday.
Films: The Best Years of Our Lives treating
dissatisfied war veterans wins Academy Award as best picture. Bogart in
The Big Sleep. Fiction: Carson McCullers' A
Member of the Wedding, Camus' The Stranger, Robert Penn
Warren's All the King's Men. Poetry: Pulitzer to
Robert Lowell's Lord Weary's Castle.
Cleveland Browns begin play in All-American Football
Levy family living at 1954 W.
61st Street, Cleveland. levy as young boy is a school Safety Patrol
boy; though family is Jewish, he is brought up Christian.
General: House: Un-American Activities Committee begins
hearings on Hollywood communists; college enrollment reaches all time
high of 67.1 million. Broadway: Tennessee Williams' A
Streetcar Named Desire. Film: Gentleman's Agreement,
Miracle on 34th Street. Music: Top jazz performances by
Benny Goodman and Duke Ellington Band, Nat King Cole, Frank
Sinatra Fiction: Bud Schulberg's The Harder They Fall.
Poetry: Pulitzer Prize to W.H. Auden's Age of
Operations begin at the Cleveland’s Lakefront
Airport. First successful defibrillation of a human heart by Dr.
Claude S. Beck and colleagues at University Hospitals. First telecast
by WEWS, Ohio's first television station.
General: Truman is elected president; Mahatma Gandhi is
assassinated in India; publication of Alfred Kinsey's Sexual
Behavior in the Human Male. Broadway: Mr.
Roberts, Anne of the Thousand Days Films: The Red
Shoes, Key Largo, Sorry, Wrong Number. Televison: "Douglas
Edwards and the News," "Candid Camera," "Arthur Godfrey's Talent
Scouts," "Milton Berle Show," "Studio One," "Philco Television
Playhouse" Art: Andrew Wyeth, Ben Shahn, Arshile
Gorky Fiction-The Plague by Albert Camus, The
Naked and the Dead by Norman Mailer. Poetry: Books
by John Berryman, Theodore Roethke, Robinson Jeffers, William Carlos
Williams (Patterson Book Two).
Alternative Presses and Magazines Launched: Capricorn,
then Capra Press, launched by Noel Young (Santa Barbara, CA).
Cleveland Indians win World Series.
General: North Atlantic Pact is signed, NATO is created; Apartheid
begins in South Africa; 500,000 steelworkers strike; minimum wage rises
from 40 cents to 75 cents an hour; fear of Cold War with Communist
China and Russia grows. Broadway: Death of a Salesman
by Arthur Miller Films: Pinky, Home of
the Brave, Sands of Iwo Jima. Television: "The Goldbergs,"
"Captain Video and the Video Rangers" "Mama" Music: "Cool
Jazz" of Mile Davis, Jerry Mulligan, Dave Brubeck; Billie Eckstine is
popular singer Fiction: Nelson Algren's The Man with
the Golden Arm, George Orwell's 1984. Poetry: Books
by Louis Simpson, Muriel Rukeyser, Kenneth Fearing; Pulitzer for
Cleveland named an All-America City for first of five
General: Korean Police Action involvement, UN forces
to be lead by General MacArthur; Senator Joeseph McCarthy charges
Communist infiltration of State Department. Broadway: Come
Back, Little Sheba, The Cocktail Party Films: All about
Eve, The Asphalt Jungle Sunset Boulevard. Television: "You Bet Your
Life"(Groucho Marx), "Your Hit Parade" Music: Big Bands
giving way to smaller groups--George Shearing, Count Basie. Fiction:
Faulkner's Collected Stories, Bradbury's The Martian
Chronicles Poetry: Pulitzer to Carl Sandburg's Complete
Poems; books by Howard Nemerov, William Carlos Williams' Collected
Cleveland population--914,808 (highest ever, 7th largest
city in nation). Cuyahoga County population--1,389,532. Browns enter
the NFL and win the title. Cleveland City Council passes a Fair
Employment Practices law, the first such city law in the United States.
Alternative Presses & Magazines Launched: Inferno,
ed. Leslie Woolf Hedley (S.F.)
General: Korean War involvement; draft age lowered to
18; U.S. conducting tests of A-Bomb; suspected Russian spies the
Rosenbergs are found guilty of treason and sentenced to death. Broadway:
The Rose Tattoo, The Moon Is Blue Films:An
American in Paris, A Place in the Sun Television:
"Your Show of Shows" with Sid Caesar and Imogene Coca; Kefauver crime
hearings. Music: Jazz figures: Charlie Parker, Sonny
Rollins, Maynard Ferguson Fiction: J.D. Salinger's The
Catcher in the Rye. Poetry: Pulitzer to Marianne Moore's Collected
Poems; books by Adrienne Rich, Randall Jarrell, Theodore Roethke.
The Beat Story & Alternative Press Movement:
Ginsberg and Kerouac meet Gregory Corso in New York City; Kerouac
writes initial draft of On the Road in three weeks, becomes interested
in Buddhism; Burroughs accidentally shoots and kills his wife,
Joan. Alternative Presses and Magazines Launched: Origin,
ed. Cid Corman (Dorchester, MA).
family moves to 2814 Tuxedo Ave, Parma, Ohio...junior high school years.
Discovers reading and libraries. Has
a collection of comic books which he shares with cousins. Collects
stamps, earns first class rank in Boy Scouts.
General: Truman orders seizure of U.S. Steel mills to
avert strike (later ruled as unconstitutional); Eisenhower elected
president of U.S. with Richard Nixon as V.P.; subversives are barred
from teaching school in U.S.; England has A-Bomb and new Queen,
Elizabeth II. Broadway: The Seven Year Itch Films: High
Noon, Viva Zapata!, Come Back, Little Sheba; first Cinemascope and
Cinerama films. Television: "The Jackie Gleason Show,"
"Ernie Kovacs Show" Music: Louis Armstrong tours Europe
with his All Stars Fiction: Pulitzer to Hemingway's The Old
Man and the Sea, Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man, Steinbeck's East
of Eden. Poetry: Pulitzer to Archibald MacLeish's Collected
Poems1917-1952; Dylan Thomas doing U.S. reading tour - NYC, San
Alternative Presses and Magazines Launched: Trace,
ed. by James Boyer May (L.A.), City Lights, ed. Peter Martin
General: Death of Stalin; Health, Education, and
Welfare Department is created; Rosenbergs are executed as spies;
Charlie Chaplin leaves U.S. complaining of persecution by "vicious
propaganda"; Screen Actors Guild adopts by-law banning
Communists. Broadway: The Crucible, Picnic, Camino
Real Films: From Here to Eternity, The Big Heat Music:
Vocalists-Ella Fitzgerald, Nat "King" Cole, Four
Freshmen. Fiction: James Baldwin's Go Tell It on the
Mountain, Saul Bellows' The Adventures of Augie March Poetry:
Pulitzer to Theodore Roethke for The Waking; books by Richard
Eberhart, May Sarton
The Beat Story & Alternative Press Movement: Gary
Snyder working at Sourdough Mountain meets Kenneth Rexroth, then enters
Berkeley as a graduate student; City Lights Bookstore founded by
Ferlinghetti and Peter Martin. Burroughs' novel Junkie is
published by Ace Books; Kerouac writes Maggie Cassidy and The
Subterraneans in NYC where he reunites with Burroughs and Ginsberg
who are editing their correspondence as The Yage Letters.
Joseph McCarthy probe of the Army for Communists begins,
finally results in Senate hearing disputes, Edward R. Morrow's expose
of McCarthy for slander tactics on "See It Now," and Senate
condemnation of McCarthy methods; Supreme Court rules racial
segregation in public schools unconstitutional. Broadway: The
Bad Seed, Witness for the Prosecution. Films: On
the Waterfront, The Caine Mutiny, The Wild One. Fiction:
Golding's Lord of the Flies Television: Army-McCarthy
hearings, "Davey Crockett" episodes on "Disneyland" program; "I Love
Lucy" Radio: Popular Cleveland disc jockey Alan Freed coins term for
new music as "rock 'n' roll" Poetry: Books by E.E.
Cummings, W.S. Merwin, Wendell Kees.
Beat Story & Alternative Press Movement:
Allen Ginsberg arrives in San Francisco at North Beach bohemian scene
of cafe's, bars, jazz clubs- - includes writers Jack Spicer, Richard
Brautigan, Bob Kaufman, John Weiner, Bay Area Poets Coalition; Weldon
Kees and Dick Martin organize first SF Poets Follies; Black Mountain
College fosters projective verse through poets Charles Olson, Robert
Creeley, Robert Duncan, Denise Levertov, Paul Blackburn.
Alternative Presses and Magazines Launched: George
Braziller Press launched by Braziller.
Cleveland: Last streetcars run 24 January. Marilyn
Sheppard murdered in
her Bay Village home. Rapid Transit begins operation.
General: Nikita Krushchev becomes Soviet Party Secretary; Martin
Luther King Jr. leads Civil Rights Movement; rebel actor James Dean
(24) dies in auto crash. Broadway: Cat on a Hot Tin
Roof, Bus Stop, The Diary of Anne Frank, A View from the Bridge Films:
Rebel without a Cause, The Blackboard Jungle, Marty, The
Rose Tattoo. Televison: First presidential press conference
is broadcast; "64,000 Question" quiz show Art: "Pop Art"
of Robert Rauschenberg, Andy Warhol, et al-Morris Graves, Jasper Johns,
Larry Rivers Fiction: McCarthy's A Charmed Life,
Mailer's The Deer Park
The Beat Story & Alternative Press Movement:
Ginsberg organizes celebrated Six Gallery Reading in San Francisco
garage-gallery, featuring: Rexroth as MC, poets: Philip Lamantia,
Michael McClure, Philip Whalen, Gary Snyder and Ginsberg's own reading
of Howl, Kerouac cheering them on (Oct. 13); Ferlinghetti
launches City Lights Books with Pocket Poets Series: #1, his own Pictures
of a Gone World, #2 Rexroth's 30 Spanish Poems, Patchen's Poems
of Humor and Protest; Kerouac writes Mexico City Blues,
befriends Gary Snyder at Berkeley and they go mountain climbing,
discuss Buddhism; Kerouac returns briefly to North Carolina, writes
"Jazz of the Beat Generation" for New World Writing. Alternative
Presses and Magazines Launched: The Village Voice is
General: Salk vaccine for polio meningitis is distributed;
Eisenhower wins landslide election, Richard Nixon as V.P.; marriage of
Marilyn Monroe and Arthur Miller, Grace Kelley and Prince Ranier of
Monaco. Broadway: Beckett's Waiting for Godot,
Chayefsky's Middle of the Night. Films: Giant, Lust
for Life, The Ten Commandments, Baby Doll, The Seventh Seal. Television:
Elvis Presley's appearance on "Ed Sullivan Show" starts protest;
daytime soap operas; late night Steve Allen Show; "Playhouse 90,”
“Alfred Hitchcock Presents” Music: Harry Belafonte prompts
interest in Calypso music; Rockabilly and Rhythm and Blues merge in
Rock 'n' Roll; Art: Georgia O'Keefe and Helen
Frankenthaler. Fiction: Bellow's Seize the Day,
Algren's A Walk on the Wild Side, Baldwin's Giovanni's Room.
The Beat Story & Alternative Press Movement:
Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems City Lights' Pocket Poets
Series #4; Kerouac living with Snyder in Marin County cabin, spends
summer as lokout on Desolation Peak, Washington; Snyder leaves for
Japan; Kerouac leaves for Mexico City, joined by Ginsberg, Corso, and
Orlovsky; Kerouac is writing Visions of Gerard, Desolation Angels,
and The Dharma Bums.
Alternative Presses and Magazines Launched:
Grove Press launched by Barney Rosset (NY), later publishes Lady
Chatterley’s Lover, Tropic of Cancer, and Naked Lunch; Black
Mountain Review, ed. Robert Creeley (Black Mountain, NC).
1956 -1960 Daryl Levy attends
James Ford Rhodes High School, living at 1705 West Schaaf Road,
Cleveland West Side.
Eisenhower proposes two year test ban of nuclear weapons;
Russia launches "Sputnik," first space satellite. Broadway: The
Dark at the Top of the Stairs, Compulsion, Look Back in Anger Films:
The Bridge on the River Kwai, Twelve Angry Men, Peyton
Place, A Face in the Crowd. Televison: Mike Wallace
Interviews, "Maverick," "American Bandstand," "Gunsmoke" Music:
"Third Stream" combination of Jazz with classical European music as in
Modern Jazz Quartet; in reaction Charlie Mingus fosters open and
improvisational forms Art: Picasso exhibit in NY,
Chicago, Philadelphia Fiction: Malamud's The Assistant,
Morris's Love among the Cannibals; Durrell's Justine;
James Agee's A Death in the Family (Pulitzer) Poetry:
books by James Wright, Denise Levertov, Nellie
The Beat Story & Alternative Press Movement: U.S.
Customs seizes Howl in San Francisco; Ferlinghetti and Shig
Murao stand trial; Ginsberg is in Europe at the time; Kerouac's On
the Road is published by Viking through help of Malcolm Cowley,
receives strong NY Times review, becomes a best seller; Norman Mailer
writes "The White Negro" essay on hipsters and Beats; Frank O'Hara's Meditations
in an Emergency poems published by Grove Press; Poetry-and-Jazz
scene begins in San Francisco with Rexroth and Ferlinghetti and
Kenneth Patchen performing.
Alternative Presses & Magazines Launched: Evergreen
Review eds. by Barney Rossett and Donald Allen (NY); Hearse,
ed. by E. V. Griffith (Eureka, CA); Measure ed. by John Wiener
General: Strategic Air Command is formed; U.S. and USSR begin
cultural exchanges; V.P. Nixon is stoned in Caracas while on Goodwill
tour; Russian Sputnik III orbits Earth, brings on U.S. study of "Crisis
in Education" in U.S.; Fidel Castro rebels seize capital in Cuba;
John Kenneth Galbraith's The Affluent Society portrays materialism and
conformity of U.S., argues for fair distribution of wealth to end
poverty. Beat Generation art and lifestyle has cultural impact. Broadway:
MacLeish's J.B., O'Neil's A Touch of the Poet, Films:
The Defiant Ones, Some Came Running, The Young Lions Televison:
"Naked City," "Peter Gunn," "The Rifleman"; David Susskind's "Open
End" Music: Kingston Trio help launch new Folk Music;
first Monterey Jazz Festival; Duke Elington plays Carnegie
Hall; Fiction: Capote's Breakfast at Tiffany's,
Barth's The End of the Road Poetry: Pulitzer to
Stanley Kunitz' Selected Poems, 1928-1958;books by Muriel
Rukeyser, William Meredith, W.C. Williams' Patterson, Book V
The Beat Story & Alternative Press Movement:
Lenny Bruce is performing at S.F. Hungry I; Neal Cassady serves two
year jail term in San Quentin for possession and sale of marijuana;
Kerouac moves to Long Island, publishes The Subterraneans and The
Dharma Bums, begins work on Lonesome Traveler;
Ferlinghetti's A Coney Island of the Mind (New Directions);
Corso's broadside "Bomb" and book Gasoline (City Lights);
Snyder's "Cold Mountain Poems" of Han-Shan published in Evergreen
Review; Alan Watts' essay "Beat Zen, Square Zen, and Zen" appears
in Chicago Review.
Alternative Presses and Magazines Launched: LeRoi and
Hettie Jones begin to publish Yugen magazine and Totem Press
(NY); Naked Ear, ed. Judson Crews (Taos, NM); Chelsea,
ed. Robert Kelly (NY).
Castro takes Havanna, Batista flees; Pope John calls for
Ecumenical Council; Khrushchev threatens U.S. with military
superiority; Ike's call for on-site missile inspection is rejected;
Laos asks for U.S. aid against North Vietnam; Ike and Khrushchev meet
at Camp David. Broadway: Loraine Hansberry's A
Raisin in the Sun; Gibson's The Miracle Worker, Paddy
Chayefsky's The Tenth Man Films: Room at the Top,
Suddenly, Last Summer, On the Beach. Television: Top Quiz
Shows exposed as pretense; "The Many Loves of Dobey Gillis" includes
Beatnik Maynard G. Krebs; "The Twilight Zone," "The Late Show" Music:
Ornette Coleman's The Shape of Jazz to Come, Miles Davis and John
Coltrane create "free jazz"; Rock 'n' Roll receives wide acceptance
despite some protests of its moral corruption Fiction: Roth's Goodbye
Columbus,Kurt Vonnegut Jr.'s The Sirens of Titan, Leon
Uris' Exodus; Allen Drury's Advise and Consent wins
Pulitzer; Poetry: Pulitzer to William Snodgrass' Heart's
Needle; books by Robert Duncan, James Wright, Robert Lowell.
The Beat Story & Alternative Press Movement: Beat
film Pull My Daisy is produced and directed by Robert Frank and
Alfred Leslie, with Kerouac's narration, Beats as characters; New
Cinema follows Beat parallels of spontaneity and realism, example John
Cassavetes' Shadows; Kerouac's Dr. Sax, Maggie Cassady and
Mexico City Blues are published; Ginsberg records his Howl
for Fantasy Records and is writing Kaddish. Articles on "The
Beats" begin to appear in Time, Life, and in Lawrence Lipton's critical
The Holy Barbarians; McClure directs production of his
play The Feast! using beastial language and performed by Bay
area poets and artists; Philip Lamantia's Ekstasis & Narcotica
(Auerhahn). Alternative Presses and Magazines Launched: Beatitude
magazine edited by Bob Kaufmann, Ferlinghetti, et al; after Chicago
Review is censored, Big Table, ed. Irving Rosenthal and
Paul Carroll, publishes Burroughs' "Ten Episodes from Naked Lunch";
then book Naked Lunch is published by Olympia Press of Paris,
finally by Grove Press of NY; Poems from the Floating World,
ed. Jerome Rothenberg (NY).
General: Blacks sit-in at Greensboro, North Carolina lunch
counter; Russians and Fidel Castro sign economic agreement; Kennedy
wins narrow election victory as president; Democrats sweep
Congress. New York Circuit Court of Appeals rules that D. H.
Lawrence’s Lady Chatterly’s Lover is not obscene. Broadway: Lillian Hellman's Toys
in the Attic; Jean Anouilh's Becket; An Evening with
Mike Nichols and Elaine May. Film:
The Apartment, Psycho, Never on a Sunday, Spartacus
66,” “The Flintstones,” “Face the Nation,” “The Bob Newhart Show.” Music: Dave Brubeck's Time Out,
John Coltrane's Meditations, vocalists, Peggy Lee, Nina Simone.
Styron's Set this House on Fire, John Updike's Rabbit, Run,
Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird Poetry: books by James Dickey,
Kenneth Koch, W.S. Merwin, Anne Sexton, Charles Olson, Denise Levertov.
The Beat Movement &
Alternative Presses: Donald Allen publishes New American
Poets anthology featuring many of the Beats; Ginsberg in South
America, at Harvard takes LSD with Timothy Leary; proliferation of Beat
writings: Snyder's Riprap and Myths and Tests (Totem/Corinth);
Gregory Corso's The Happy Birthday of Death (New Directions);
Philip Whalen's Like I Say (Totem/Corinth); Elias Wilentz's The
Beat Scene (Corinth); Thomas Parkinson prepares A Casebook on
the Beat (Crowell); Seymour Krim's The Beats (Fawcett). Alternative
Presses and Magazines Launched: Kulchur, (NY).
Cleveland population--876,050 (8th largest
city in nation). Cuyahoga County population--1,647,895. Final issue of
the Cleveland News published 23 January. French film The Lovers (1958) by
Louis Malle is censored in U.S. as obscene, including Cleveland, where
Jasper Wood leads campaign against obscenity charges (later chairs levy's and Lowell's Defense Fund).
June 1960 d.a.levy living at 1705
W. Schaff Road, Cleveland, near railroad tracks; graduates with a “B”
average, had collected stamps, nickname “Hey, You.” As typical Ohio
high school student during Sputnik generation, he would have studied
math and science, and read Julius Caeser, Our Town, MacBeth.
“Unable to find competent leaders or teachers, unable to discover
intelligent persons in places of authority, unable to find anything
other than pseudo-christian bigotry and ignorance—I decided to commit
suicide at 17. Changed my mind at the last minute and started to read
everything and wrote poems."
[Graduation photo, 1960, with note to classmate Don Sabo]
Later in 1960,
family follows Czaban family
to Bay Village, Ohio...living side by side in new suburban houses 620
(levys) and 618 Cahoon Road. Levy is 5’ 7”, 117 lbs., wears Levi jacket and old
jeans, motorcycle boots; begins
hitch hiking to Cleveland, spending nights there; mother threatens to
call police on him and does. Juvenile Court judge calls him
"incorrigible" and tells him to choose military branch or spend time in
jail. He chooses Navy, enlists is sent to San Diego, works in medic
crew, upsets officers by sitting meditation on his bunk, eventually
refuses to participate, and is discharged as having "manic-depressive
General: John F.
Kennedy at inauguration calls for “Grand, Global Alliance for
Progress,” creates Peace Corps. U.S. severs relations with Cuba; then
anti-Castro Cubans fail in assault on Bay of Pigs. Freedom Riders are
attacked by mobs in Birmingham, Alabama. Minimum wage raised from $1.00
to $1.25/hr. Broadway: The
Night of the Iguana; A Man for All Seasons. Films: West Side Story, The
Hustler, One-Eyed Jacks, A Raisin in the Sun. Television: “The Mike Douglas Show”
(from Cleveland), “Ben Casey,” “The Defenders.” Music: Billie Holiday, Count Basie,
Frank Sinatra; Motown, The Supremes; Bob Dylan singing folksongs in
Greenwich Village. Fiction:
Joseph Heller’s Catch-22, Henry Miller’s Tropic of Cancer.
Olsen’s The Distances: Poems, Allen Ginsberg’s Kaddish, and
Other Poems, Lawrence Ferlinghetti’s Starting from San
Alternative Presses and Magazines Launched: Olympia
Press, ed. Maurice Gironias (Paris); Floating Bear, eds. LeRoi
Jones and Diane DiPrima (NY); Journal for the Protection of All
Beings, eds. Michael McClure, David Meltzer, Ferlinghetti, et. al.
(S.F.); Outsider, ed. John Edgar Webb (New Orleans; Tucson); Renaissance,
ed. John Bryan (S.F.)
levy is released from U.S. Navy in San Diego, goes to Mexico, travels
the states, then back to Cleveland. Unable to move back into parents'
home, me moves in with Czaban family now living at 3146 W. 90th Street,
Cleveland, sleeps in sleeping bag on dining room floor. Heavy reading
and early writing period .
Playing mentor role, he gives Joanie and Lester Czaban, gives list of
great books to read.
General: U.S. Embargo of Cuba, John Glenn orbits earth,
Mississippi governor bars Black James Meredith from Univ. of
Mississippi; Kennedy sends in federal troops. Art: Andy Warhol’s pop art. Broadway: Who’s Afraid of
Virginia Woolf? Films: The
Miracle Worker, Birdman of Alcatraz, To Kill a Mockingbird, Lolita,
“Combat,” “The Dick Van Dyke Show.” Music:
Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, Tony Bennett “I Left My Heart in San
Francisco,” Kingston Trio and Peter, Paul, and Mary folk groups. Fiction: Ken Kesey’s One Flew
Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Jack Kerouac’s Big Sur. Nonfiction: Theatre of the Absurd
by Martin Esslin, Silent Spring, Rachel Carson against
insecticides in U.S.. Poetry:
Sylvia Plath, The Colossus and Other Poems, William Stafford’s
Traveling through the Dark.
Altrenative Presses and Magazines
Launched: Fuck You/ A Magazine of the Arts, ed. Ed Sanders
(NY).Four Young Lady Poets: Carol Bergé, Barbara Moraff, Rochelle Owens, Diane
Wakoski (Totem Press).
Cleveland: Cleveland mayor Ralph S. Locher
(1962-1967, becomes Common Pleas Judge in 1968).
active in Fenn College Poetry Forum with faculty members Dave French,
Lewis Turco and Alberta Turner; he meets Russell Salamon there and they
become friends, share walks and talks around Cleveland. Salamon keeps
feeding levy books to read.
General: Blacks riot in Birmingham, Alabama after headquarters
are bombed, Kennedy sends in troops. Astronaut Gordon Cooper orbits the
Earth twice. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas; Lee Harvey
Oswald is arrested; Lyndon Johnson takes office as President. Nation
mourns death of John F. Kennedy. Music:
The Beatles, Joan Baez. Broadway: Ballad of the Sad Café.
Films: 8 ½,
Hud, The Birds, The Ugly American. Television:
“The Fugitive,” “The Lucy Show.” Fiction:
Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar, Vonnegut’s Cat’s Cradle. Nonfiction: Betty Friedan’s The
Feminine Mystique, James Baldwin’s The Fire Next Time. Poetry: James Wright’s The Bough Will Not Break.
Alternative Presses and Magazines
Launched: Change, eds. Ron Loewensohn and Richard Brautigan
(S.F.); C, ed. Ted Berrigan (NY); The Poet's Press, ed. Diane
DiPrima (NY); City Lights Journal, ed. Lawrence Ferlinghetti
(S.F.); Open Space, ed. Stan Persky (S.F.); Rivoli Review,
ed. Richard Duerden (S.F.); Renegade Press and Silver Cesspool,
ed. d.a. levy (Cleveland).
Feb. 1963 levy buys used
letterhead hand press, which his brother Jim finds for him, and prints
from it at his aunt and uncle’s place in Cleveland; cousins Joan and
Lester Czaban (Cuz), and Kent Taylor help run the press. Begins
publishing letterpress books from his Renegade Press. February, Books
by levy: Fragments of a Shattered Mirror, Variations on
Flip, More Withdrawed or Less; March-May does books by George
Robert Beck, Richard Allen Morris, Russell Atkins. May 1963, launches
magazine, Silver Cesspool, includes poems by D.
r. Wagner, Kent Taylor, Adelaide Simon, Rene Schramm, Russell Atkins,
Russell Salamon, Ted Berrigan, Lewis Turco, Kirby Congdon, Wil Inman,
Judson Crews. Later publishes Charles Bukowski, Margaret Randall,
Ed Sanders, Carole Bergé, Allen Katzman. Renegade Press publishes Selected
Poems of Kent Taylor and Cornponetonepome
by Carl Heckman.
March, Jim Lowell
opens Asphodel Book Store in Old Arcade, 465 Euclid Ave., Cleveland.
June, Levy travels west with Kent
Taylor and Alex Poulas…levy says in one poem “in June 1963 (in Mexico)
I became a poet…a man stopped hating me because I was an American and
listened to me because I was a poet—it left me awed to receive for a
few moments the respect my country had denied me.” levy stays 2 weeks
in L.A. then hitches home to Cleveland; the other two stay on travel to
San Francisco’s North Beach. In August Taylor returns to Cleveland and
works at Western Reserve University.
August 1963-May 1964 levy lives
with Kent Taylor and Joanie (Czaban) Taylor
near University Circle at 10912 Carnegie Ave.
[Russell Salamon and
Kent Taylor watching d.a.levy set type for his renegade press
First Kent Taylor, then d.a.levy
appear on Cleveland radio show "Poetry Seminar" with host Jaru Billera
(Sept.). levy moves in with Kent and Joan Taylor for a couple months,
has rage incident where he smashes his painting and collage with a
General: President Johnson calls for
a “War on Poverty” and an end to racial discrimination. Blacks riot in
Harlem and Brooklyn. Nobel Peace Prize to Martin Luther King, Jr. U.S.
bombs North Vietnam. New York World’s Fair motto “Peace through
Understanding.” Mass demonstrations against the Vietnam war. LBJ and
Barry Goldwater contend for presidency. Hell’s Angels
motorcycle groups receive national attention. Beatlemania. Marshall
McCluen’s “the medium is the message” theory of art is extolled. Music: Charlie Mingus, Frank Zappa and The Mothers of
Invention introduce jazz to rock music, bossa nova music. Film: Dr. Strangelove, A Hard
Day’s Night, Luv Television:
“The Man from U.N.C.L.E.” Fiction:
John Le Carre’s The Spy Who Came in from the Cold. Nonfiction: Eric Berne’s Games
People Play. Poetry: Books
by Ted Berrigan, James Dickey, Robert Lowell.
Alternative Presses and Magazines
Launched: Coyote’s Journal, ed. James Kolled, et. al,
(Eugene, OR); Magazine, ed. Kirby Congdon (NY); Notes
from Underground, ed. John Bryan (S.F.); Marrahwannah Quarterly,
ed. d. a. levy (Cleveland).
Cleveland State University established 18
shared with Salamon, top left window. View from window.]
Meets with Adelaide Simon and
Russell Atkins, part of Free Lance magazine writers group that meets in
Simon’s home at 14112 Becket Rd., Shaker Heights; sleeps on their couch
and prints from their basement. He helps edit Free Lance magazine.
Moves in with Russell Salamon
on West Side in “grungy garret,” (Descent into Cleveland) West 22nd Place, near West Side Market above
Cleveland Flats and Cuyahoga River. Salamon is working in at Jones and
Laughlin Steel Corp. on a work-study program at Fenn College and
provides levy with a rent free living space if he will continue to
create. “d.a. lived in poverty, partially self-imposed, until his
death,” Kent Taylor (zen
concrete & etc). Salamon in
relationship with poet and Hiram College student, Grace Butcher; levy
in relationship with “Angela” (See Salamon’s Descent into Cleveland). Underground Thought Patrol: levy and friends, D .r.
Wagner, Kent Taylor, John Cornilion, John Scott, Geoffrey Cook, Steve
Ferguson, Franklin Osinski, T. L. Kryss. levy in deep correspondence
with fellow writers and Beat figures, writes Douglas Blazek, “I’m
taking methedrine” to keep up with pace of writing and publishing. levy
is working on “Cleveland Undercovers” poem. levy keeps 22 rifle on the
wall and threatens to kill himself if he begins to write bad poems.
Salamon keeps buying levy requested books to keep him going. levy travels to New York City, meets Ed Sanders,
and stays with Carol Bergé. They take him to Les Deus Mégots
Coffeehouse, 64 East 7th
Street,(later at Cafe Le Metro) where levy hear poets read (Paul
Blackburn, Dan Saxon, Jack Micheline, William S. Burroughs, et. al).
levy gets idea of doing open readings back home in Cleveland. His
Renegade Press publishes books by Carol Bergé, Judson Crews, Les
Czaban, Allen Katzman, Russell Salamon, Margaret Randall, Dave Rasey,
Irene Schramm, Kent Taylor. Silver Cesspool ceases
publication, “Marrahwannah Newsletter” evolves into Marrahwannah
Quarterly. Levy books published: You Murderers
with Your Indifference, 5 Cleveland Prints, Farewell the Floating Cunt.
He is included in The Cleveland Manifesto of Poetry (Asphodel
General: Malcolm X is assassinated in Harlem; 250,000 march in
Washington, D.C. against the war. Watts Ghetto riots (34 die). U.S.
combat troops land in Vietnam. Ginsberg coins term,
“Flower Power” for hippie movement and era. Broadway: Inadmissible Evidence,
revival of The Zoo Story. Film:
The Pawnbroker, Darling, Dr. Zhivago, Help!, The Agony and
the Ecstasy. Music: John
Coltrane, Maynard Ferguson, Herb Alpert. Nonfiction: The Autobiography of
Malcolm X, Timothy Leary’s The Psychedelic Reader, Arthur
M. Schlesinger’s A Thousand Days: JFK in the White House, Ralph Nader’s Unsafe at Any Speed on
auto industry. Poetry:
Leroi Jones’ The Dead Lecturer.
Alternative Presses and Magazines
Launched: Black Sparrow Press ed. John Martin (Santa Barbara, CA); East
Village Other, ed. Allen Katzman (NY); Poet Frank O'Hara is
killed in motor accident on Fire Island.
WVIZ, Cleveland public television station,
begins operation 7 February.
Salamon is drafted into military, does alternative service in New
Jersey, then New York. Nov. levy with Adelaide Simon, and Kent Taylor
do early reading at The Gate in basement of Trinity Cathedral basement,
(22nd St. and Euclid). He publishes D.r. Wagner of
Niagara Falls, NY…starts correspondence with him, brings him to town to
read at The Gate. levy in correspondence with Four Horsemen poet
editors of Coach House Press in Toronto, Canada. levy meets Robert
Sigmund (rjs) who is running a coffeehouse at Cleveland State
University. levy publishes North American Book of the Dead
Parts 1 and 2 (Free Lance Press) and Cleveland
Undercovers. Levy writing poems and editorials about the city
corruption, giving copies of all his works to North Branch of Cleveland
Public Library. levy attends readings at "The Cellar" in
now 7 Flowers Press (mimeograph) publishes books by Russell Atkins,
Geoffrey Cook, Erik Albercht, Kent Taylor, Russell Salamon, Edwin
Morgan, Dom Pierre, Sam Dogin, Susan Cornillon, Allen Katzman, Carl
Larsen, Ed Sanders, Thom Sxuter, bpNichol, dagmaR, Carol Bergé,
Marguerite Harris. Levy books published: Sleep and 50
Seconds to Blastoff under name Alan Denis; fortuITOns
MotHerfucer, Chalchihuitlicue, Aleatory Attempts at Money Making, Got
Butter on It.
General: Stokley Carmichael elected head of Students Nonviolent
Coordinating Committee. U.S. troops killed in Vietnam 6,358; Vietnamese
dead, 77,115. Black Power Movement, Ken Kesey’s San Francisco Trips
Festival, National Association of Broadcasters attempts to ban all
records containing drug or obscene messages. Jimi Hendrix Experience,
electric guitar. Art: Alexander Calder’s Totems. Film: Who’s
Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Georgy Girl, Closely Watched Trains, Blow-up.
Fiction: Malamud’s The Fixer. Nonfiction:
Susan Sontag’s Against Interpretation, Truman Capote’s
nonfiction-novel, In Cold Blood. Poetry: Books by
Robert Creeley, Adrienne Rich, John Ashbery. Music: The
Beatles’ Revolver Album, The Byrds, Jefferson Airplane, Janis
Joplin, Big Brother and the Holding Company, the Grateful Dead, and the
whole Psychedelic San Francisco Music scene.
Ed Sanders' Peace Eye Bookstore,
E. 10th Ave. C, NY, is busted by the police in a raid for obscenity in
his magazine Fuck You/ A
Magazine of the Arts. ACLU
defends Sanders who is proven not guilty courts in "summer of love,"
levy with others organize the
“Poets at the Gate ”open reading series at Trinity Cathedral. levy and friends hang out on Euclid Ave. and 115th
St. corner: The Well Coffeehouse (11501 Euclid), Continental Theatre
(art and foreign films), Adele’s Bar, Stan Heilbrun’s headshop, Mr.
Donut, Luxemburg Motel, Scott’s Hardware, Sam Dogan’s Bookspot . July
at the Gate” reading #3.
[d.a.levy reading at the Gate]
“Reality Is, / Mister Donut - Luxemburg Motel /
Tujaques Bar - Scotts Hardware / Glass & mirror Co. (My friend /
still in jail - i dont know how to get him out - thats called / "poets
power" - thats how America keeps her poets in line) / Sinclair,
Atlantic, Sunoco Gas Stations / more gas stations than
restaurants” (from levy's
Suburban Monastery Death Poem,
18-24 July. Hough Race Riots in Cleveland’s Hough area bordering Euclid
Ave. and E. 105th St. --fires, arrests, shootings, martial law declared.
Oct. levy working part-time at Book Spot to pay for removal of
abscessed teeth. He is reading Rimbaud, Camus, Cocteau, Lorca, Artaud,
Watts. Suzuki, Paul Reps, Milarepa, studying yoga and telepathy. Levy
interviewed on Allen Douglas Exchange radio show KYCA along with
friends Rob Eagan, Tod Roy, Jonathan Dworkin (lawyer).
Jim Lowell and Aspodel Bookshop moved to 306 Superior Ave., carries
levy’s publications and other underground and small press work and
first edition modern and contemporary poetry books. (Later Lowell moves
to Miles Ave. on Cleveland’s East Side, shares space with wife Tessa’s
beauty shop; finally moves out of Cleveland to rural Burton, Ohio.) The
Harbor Inn in the Flats becomes gathering place. levy makes trip to New
York City and stays with Carol Berge and Allen Katzman. Levy living
with common law wife DagmaR (Mara) Ferek (Latvian, graduate of
Cleveland Heights High School, "working-class madonna") at 13814
Strathmore Ave. and on Savannah Ave., East Cleveland… just off Euclid
Ave. They have Siamese cat, Chen. He often walks down Savannah to
Allegheny to Northfield to Euclid Ave. She is working as a waitress,
and often does cover art for his publications. Moves with DagmaR to
nearby 1744 Wymore St. off of Euclid Ave., nicer apartment in East
Cleveland. Nov. 28, secret indictment by the Cuyahoga County Grand
Jury, for “publishing and distributing obscene literature.” levy and Kent Taylor and Joan Czsban put on
“Midnight Hour” psychedelic dance club ball.
Dec. 1 Cleveland Police seize
copies and mimeograph machine; levy moves into apartment with John
Scott in Collinwood.
["Fugitive Levy" photo credit for this photo in Cleveland Plain Dealer,
The Mimeograph Revolution… Levy printing from 7 Flowers press, mimeo
editions, uses A.B. Dick mimeograph machine, publishes Poets at the Gate series and Marrahwannah
Quarterly. levy and R. Crumb
meet, Crumb then working for American Greeting Cards in Cleveland,
begins doing underground comics. levy and D. r. Wagner work together on
Tibetan Stroboscope; 7 Flower Press publishes books by: Kent Taylor, D.
r. Wagner, Doug Blazek, Steve Richmond, Joe Nickell, Erik Albrecht,
Russell Atkins, Grace Butcher, Joe Walker, Jacob Leed, Roger Sauls,
Paul Blackburn, Thom Szuter, Charles Bukowski, George Montgomery, Kay
Wood, Matt Schulman
levy books published: Plastic
Saxophone Found in an Egyptian Tomb, White Light, Cleveland
Undercovers, The Great Tibetan Train Robbery Mystery Plan in Color: A
Mandala Hernia Word Game, Robert Motherwell, The Puking Pigeon, Great
Man Sleeping in a Closet, The North American Book of the Dead Parts
1-5, The Eqyptian Stroboscope
(with d. r. wagner), Black Hat
at the End of the Bar (with Mara
and D. R. Wagner), Cleveland:
The Rectal Eye Visions (
Wagner’s press: today: niagara).
General: Three astronauts perish in fire in Apollo space craft,
Thurgood Marshall is first Black appointed to Supreme Court, War
escalates as do protests. Sec. of Defense Robert McNamara resigns.
First “Be-In” at San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park. Art:
sculpture of George Segal and Claes Oldenburg. Broadway: The
Homecoming and The Birthday Party by Harold Pinter, Albee’s
A Delicate Balance. Music: Beatles’ Sgt.
Pepper’s Lonely Heartclub Band, Film: In the Heat of
the Night, The Graduate, In Cold Blood, Elvira Madigan.
Fiction: William Styron’s Confessions of Nat
Turner. Nonfiction: Mailer’s Armies of the Night
(on war demonstrations). Poetry: books by Denise Levertov, W.
S. Merwin, Anthony Hecht.
Cleveland mayor Carl B. Stokes, first Black American
elected to mayor of a major city (1967-1971). First successful coronary
artery bypass operation performed at the Cleveland Clinic by Dr. Rene
Favaloro. Cuyahoga Community College opens its Metro Campus.
levy and Dagmar living at
14525 Savannah Ave, East Cleveland, near RTA tracks.
Jan. indictment of levy is made
pubic and levy and patron book dealer. James Lowell are arrested. levy
surrenders in Criminal Court, pleads not guilty. Judge Frank Celebrezze
insults levy as poet, asks how much he makes a day; levy answers, “I
sell poetry for 89 cents a day.” Judge sets bail at $2500, declares,
“Maybe you should charge more than 89 cents.” NY physicist Jack Ullman,
art dealer Jasper Woods sets up legal defence fund to pay bails…Levy’s
lawyer is Jonathan Dworkin. levy and Taylor do recording for Douglas
Blazek to use on Chicago radio.
"Levy and Lowell Defence Fund Reading" in Cleveland with Russell
Atkins, R.L.Carothers, Jacob Leed, Robert Wallace, Alez Gildzen.
Nationally, CIA efforts to infiltrate peace groups and underground
presses is exposed in RAMPARTS Feb. 14, 1967. J. Edgar Hoover's list of
groups for FBI to investigate is exposed. Oct. 21, 1967, levy friend Ed
Sanders and others organize "October '67 Exorcism and March on the
Pentagon." Attorney General Ramsey Clark launches IDIU (Interdivisional
Information Unit) for surveillance of radical groups and underground
[levy and DagmaR and friends outside the Cuyahoga County Courthouse.]
March 28th Levy is arrested again for contributing to the delinquency
of 2 minors by reading and distributing literature. Lawyer is Gerald
Gold; assistant prosecuting attorney is George Moscarino, John T.
Corrigan County Prosecutor. levy is in county jail, 6th floor
(mimeograph machine and many of Lowell’s books from Asphodel Book Shop
are held). Also arrested are rjs(18) and John Scott (24). Western
Reserve University law professors and students conduct picket at
Criminal Court Building to free levy; he is to appear the next day
(March 30) in Juvenile Court ” March 30, Dick Feagler in Cleveland Press
writes positive article on levy. rjs and T. L. Kryss edit levy’s work
and print off 1000 copies on mimeograph machine. “levy had become a
hero of underground literature. Our Lenny Bruce. Our Che Guevera”
-Blazek (ZC 205). “legalize levy” protest signs.
April, Stan Heilbrun (headshop) charged with contributing to the
delinquency of a minor.
May 14, Mother’s Day, Benefit Reading for levy and Lowell, Allen
Ginsberg and The Fug, including Ed Sanders and Tuli Fulkenberg. It is
moved from Masonic Temple on Euclid to Strosacker Hall on Case Tech’s
Campus, because Temple had thought it was for a war veteran. Fellow
poets send in money to support levy and Lowell.
June 1, after city sanitation charges, The Well Coffeehouse closes down.
July 23-28 -- “Glenville Shootout” Cleveland police and Ohio National
Guard have shootout with Black Militant group in Cleveland…7 dead, many
“Summer of Love,” teenagers move into Euclid Ave. corner, just east of
Sept. 4 - Plain Dealer
writes article attacking levy and Kent Taylor as “psychedelic
assassinators.” October --poetry sponsor and friend Adelaide Simon dies
levy continues to publish The
Marrahwannah Quaterly; launches The
Buddhist 3rd Class Junkmail Oracle.
Also publishes under Grass Coin Publishing Co. name. 7 Flower Press
publishes books by Matt Shulman, W. E. Wyatt, D.r. Wagner, Denis
Saint-Eden, Richard Krech, Gene Fowler. Books by levy: Light on, The Old ‘Test, Kibbutz in the Sky Book I and
Book II, The Box Lunch Travel-of of Fremont Gulch, James R. Lowell
Defense Fund, Lil Blew Book, Vol. I and Vol. II, Poem for Julie, Poetry
Survival Fund Booklet (with
D.R. Wagner and Grace Butcher), Three
Poems by Cleveland Poets (with
Kent Taylor and Carl Woideck), Swamp
Erie Pipe Dream. Poems and Letter to Allen Katzman (find-us-if-u-can press), Tantric Strobe, Parts 1 & 2 (Ghost Press), Unmailed
Letters to Ed Pederson and (The Mysterious) Ann Burgers (Fleye Press), Tombstone
As a Lonely Charm Part 1 (Runcible
General: Viet Cong launch Tet
Offensive in January; Eugene McCarthy and Robert Kennedy each announce
candidacy for president. Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in
Memphis; riots in 100 cities. Civil Rights Act passes; Robert Kennedy
is assassinated in California.Yippie Movement is launched by Abbie
Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, Paul Krassner, Ed Sanders is launched; they lead
major resistance at Democratic Convention in Chicago that results in
riots; Hubert Humphrey is nominated. Nixon is elected by small margin.
Vietnam: U.S. dead at 30,857; Vietnamese at 422,979. Feb.
4, Beat figure Neal Cassady dies of exposure on railroad tracks in San
Miguel de Allende. Robert Bly uses National Book Award to
criticize U.S. intervention in Viet Nam, gives funds to the
Resistance, to encourage conscientious objection to war.
Broadway: The Great White Hope, We
Bombed in New Haven, Hair. Music:
John Lennon and Yoko Ono, The Fugs, Filmore East and
Filmore West rock ballrooms. Film: Faces,
Barbarella, Yellow Submarine, Planet of the Apes. Fiction: Robert A. Heinlein’s Stranger
in a Strange Land, Barth’s Lost in the Funhouse, Gass’s In
the Heart of the Heart of the Country. Poetry: books by Diane Wakoski,
Nikki Giovanni, Philip Levine, Richard Brautigan, Ginsberg’s Planet
Jan. levy teaches "composition" class at Kent State University.
Feb. 20, levy pleads “no contest” on charges of contributing to the
delinquency of minors, in exchange for probation, dropping the
obscenity charges, and pays $200 fine. U.S. Supreme Court obscenity
rulings forced Common Pleas Judge Francis J. Talty to dismiss the
charges on levy and Lowell, based on recommendation of assistant
prosecutor George Moscarino.Feb. 26, John Scott is sentenced to two
years in Cuyahoga County Workhouse for 2 counts of contributing to the
delinquency of a minor. August 1968 levy writes and publishes “Suburban
Monastery Death Poem” October, levy travels to Madison, Wisconsin to
talk with students in Free School, invited by David Wagner and Morris
Edelson, writes Madison Poems with collage. Returns to Cleveland
and splits up with common-law wife DagmaR. Ed Sanders tries to convince
levy to come to Democratic Convention in Chicago. levy continues to
Buddhist 3rd Class Junkmail Oracle and The
Books by levy: The Tibetan Stroboscope. Tombstone As a Lonely
Charm Part 2 and Part 3 (Runcible Spoon), The Beginning
of a Sunny Dawn: A Short Story (Ghostflower Press), Poem For
Beverly (Cold Mountain Publishing), Suburban Monastery
Death Poem (Zero Editions), Letter from an Invisible Greek (Quixote
Press), Poems (Quixote Press), Zen
Concrete (Blewonintmentpress), Prose: On Poetry
in the Wholesale Education & Culture System (Gunrunner
Press). November 24, after erratic behavior of giving
away most belongings and burning copies of his publications; alone in
apartment at 1744 Wymore St., levy takes his life, shooting himself in
the head with a .22 -calibre rifle. levy's note to Jim Sorcic of Gunrunner Press: “if you
don’t hear from me for a while its ok since time is nonexistent (that’s
what my angels tell me when I get impatient. till dec. 1, only—maybe”(sic).
[1744 Wymore St., East Cleveland,
where levy and DagmaR lived,
and where he shot himself,
Nov. 24, 1968]
body found by friends rjs and Steve Ferguson. Death certificate lists
occupation as “Poet.” He had published more than 55 books and 33 issues
of magazines. Parents do sentimental interview for Plain Dealer. T. L. Kryss and rjs compile a major anthology of
levy’s works and letters written in his support and print off 1000
copies on mimeograph machine; this anthology is titled ukanhavyrfuckinciti
bak: d. a. levy: a tribute to the man (Ghost Press)
Grave marker of d.a.levy
at Whitehaven Cemetery
Mayfield Heights, OH
1969 –Cleveland: The Palace Theater, last operating
movie house on Playhouse Square, closes 20 July. A burning oil slick on
the Cuyahoga River attracts national attention, 22 June. Euclid Beach
Amusement Park closes 28 September. Cleveland American Indian Center
founded. The Woodstock Festival
and Concert (Woodstock, NY). Death of Jack Kerouac.
Books by levy published: The Madison Poems (Quixote Press), Songs
for Dead Children (Black Rabbit Press), Red Lady
(Para-Shakti Press), Postcard (Ganglia Press), The
Beginning of Sunny Dawn: A Short Story (Open Skull Press). Gary
Snyder does reading at Kent State University, becomes aware of levy's
writings through Alez Gildzen.
1970 – May 4,
shooting of student protestors at Kent State University. Jim Lowell moves Asphodel Book Store to Miles Ave.,
1971 -- Serif
magazine, Kent State University, Special Collections, ed. by Alex
Gildzen, prints essay responses by James Lowell and Gary Snyder.
1972 -- Stone
Sarcophagus (Radical America)
1976 -- Collected
Poems of d. a. levy (Druid Press)
1980 -- Feb. 14,
mother Carolyn F. Levy dies.
1986 -- Nov. 18,
father Joseph Levy dies.
1988 – Oct. 7-9,
“days of rain and fire: d.a. levy, 20 years after” festival held
University Circle … Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland
Cinemateque, Cleveland Institute of Art, Barking Spider Tavern,
Pentagon Gallery, Coventry Reader…included film “if i scratch,
if i write” by Kon Petrochuk, workshops, recollections and performances
by Ed Sanders, Tony Walsh, Steve Ferguson, Ken Warren.
1989 -- March, brother
James Levey (changed name spelling) dies.
1991 – Zen
Concrete & Etc. ed. Ingrid Swanberg (Madison: Wisconsin,
Ghost Pony Press).
1992 – August 31- October
3, Colorado University Art Galleries exhibit, “American Renegades
Kenneth Patchen, d.a.levy, D. r. Wagner.”
of Artist's Books, Freeman. Brad, Johanna Drucker, et al.,
of Artists’ Books #10. JAB, 1998. Offset. On d.a. levy and others.
1999 – The Buddhist
Third Class Junkmail Oracle: The Selected Poetry and Art of d. a. levy.
edited by Mike Golden. (NY: Seven Stories Press).
2002 – “Levy Lives:
Birthday Bash and Poetry Reading” celebration for d. a. levy,
Cleveland, Ohio, coordinated by Mark Kuhar, Cleveland, of
2005 -- Levyfest in Cleveland sponsored by Bottom Dog Press and
deepcleveland.com, supported by Cleveland State University Special
Cleveland State University Poetry Center, and Mac's Backs Books
with a grant from the Ohio Humanities Council
SOURCES & CREDITS:
Some Links to Levy and Mimeograph
Louis Gordon and Alan
Gordon. America Chronicle: Six Decades of American Life 1920-1980.
NY: Atheneum, 1987.
Mike Golden, ed. The
Buddhist Third Class Junkmail Oracle: The Art and Poetry of d. a. levy,
with an investigative essay “Portrait of a Young Man Trying to Eat the
Sun.” NY: Seven Stories Press, 1999.
Ingrid Swanberg, ed. zen
concrete & etc. by d. a. levy. Madison, WI: Ghost Pony Press,
“A Cultural Chronology
of Early Beat Generation Literature,” by Larry Smith. http://members.aol.com/lsmithdog/bottomdog/EarlyBeatGenerationLiterature1.htm
d.a. levy PUBLICATIONS, Bibliography
compiled by Kent Taylor and Alan Horvath
Thanks for support from Cleveland State
University’s Special Collections division.
Thanks for input on this goes to: Mark
Kuhar, Marcus Williamson, Russell Salamon, Joanne Cornelius, Tom Kryss,
Swanberg, rjs, Grace Butcher, Joanie (Czaban) Kinney...
To make additions and/or corrections.
to Top of Page
deepcleveland - Junkmail
link to checklist of works
Bottom Dog Press
Tracing the Places of d.a.
(photos and text).
University d.a.levy Collection